Are you having back pain with any of the following?
We understand that you are experiencing one or more of the health issues that might be impacting your back pain.
We recommend that you discuss these health issues with your doctor before proceeding with this program.
Once you are cleared by your doctor to do this program, we hope it helps you find relief from your back pain.
You have 4 heart valves located within the 4 chambers of your heart. Normal valves open and close tightly with each heartbeat. The mitral valve allows blood to flow in only one direction, from your upper left atrium to the lower left ventricle.
Mitral valve prolapse happens when the leaflets, or flaps, of the valve do not close tightly and become floppy. Most of the time, there are no symptoms. In some cases, there is a backflow of blood from the left ventricle upward into the left atrium (mitral regurgitation), which can cause symptoms.
A physical exam and echocardiogram can usually diagnose your heart valve problem. Most of the time, no treatment is needed. Medication and lifestyle changes may sometimes be needed to help manage your condition. If you start to have symptoms of mitral regurgitation with the prolapse, you will probably need heart surgery to either repair or replace the valve.
Your treatment will be supported by a team of doctors, which may include a cardiologist and heart surgeon.
Most people with mitral valve prolapse will have no symptoms, and no treatment is needed. Other people will develop symptoms if there is mitral regurgitation. The common symptoms are:
Rarely, the valves can become infected (endocarditis) or cause blood clots to be formed, which could cause a stroke.
Mitral valve prolapse is usually caused by a congenital condition that is present at birth. It can occur if you had polycystic kidney disease or Marfan syndrome.
A test as simple as an echocardiogram may be used to diagnose your heart valve problem. Other tests can also help us diagnose your condition:
There are a variety of treatments available for mitral valve prolapse, depending on the symptoms you are having and how severely the valve function is affected.
Making and maintaining changes in your daily habits may sometimes be enough to control mild symptoms. We recommend that you cut back on caffeine, avoid tobacco, practice stress reduction, and get aerobic exercise on most days. You may be instructed to avoid competitive sports if you have symptoms with your mitral valve prolapse.
Medications may be necessary to control your symptoms and improve blood flow through the heart:
Over time, we will keep an eye on your symptoms and the results of certain tests, to decide when to recommend valve repair or replacement.
Surgery to repair or replace the valve may be needed in some cases of severe mitral regurgitation. Although valve repair is usually preferred with mitral valve prolapse, if the valve is replaced, the choice of valve to be used will be determined by you and your surgeon and will depend on your age, your willingness to take blood thinners for the rest of your life, and the size of your valve. There are 2 types of valves used:
There are several ways that you can lower your risk for mitral valve prolapse.
Treat strep throat promptly. Call or e-mail us if you think you may have strep throat symptoms, such as a red and painful throat, fever, or white spots on your tonsils. Also, please follow our directions and take all of your antibiotics if we prescribe them.
Practice good dental hygiene. Brush and floss your teeth every day and have your teeth cleaned at the dentist's office regularly. The more you prevent bacteria from building up on your teeth and gums, the safer you will be from infection to your heart valves.
Use antibiotics. Before certain dental procedures or surgeries, antibiotics may be recommended to you if you are at risk for endocarditis and have:
Control your cholesterol and risks for heart disease:
If you have an emergency medical condition, call 911 or go to the nearest hospital. An emergency medical condition is any of the following: (1) a medical condition that manifests itself by acute symptoms of sufficient severity (including severe pain) such that you could reasonably expect the absence of immediate medical attention to result in serious jeopardy to your health or body functions or organs; (2) active labor when there isn't enough time for safe transfer to a Plan hospital (or designated hospital) before delivery, or if transfer poses a threat to your (or your unborn child's) health and safety, or (3) a mental disorder that manifests itself by acute symptoms of sufficient severity such that either you are an immediate danger to yourself or others, or you are not immediately able to provide for, or use, food, shelter, or clothing, due to the mental disorder.
This information is not intended to diagnose health problems or to take the place of specific medical advice or care you receive from your physician or other health care professional. If you have persistent health problems, or if you have additional questions, please consult with your doctor. If you have questions or need more information about your medication, please speak to your pharmacist. Kaiser Permanente does not endorse the medications or products mentioned. Any trade names listed are for easy identification only.