Are you having back pain with any of the following?

  • Severe pain, weakness or tingling in your leg(s).
  • Difficulty stopping urination or loss of control of bladder or bowels.
  • Unexplained fever, nausea or vomiting.
  • A history of cancer or unexplained weight loss.

We understand that you are experiencing one or more of the health issues that might be impacting your back pain.

We recommend that you discuss these health issues with your doctor before proceeding with this program.

Once you are cleared by your doctor to do this program, we hope it helps you find relief from your back pain.

Overview

Kidney cancer develops in the kidneys. The kidneys are bean-shaped organs located in the lower back, on each side of the backbone. They filter out toxins from the blood. The toxins are then removed through urination.

Kidney cancer is one of the 10 most common cancers in the United States.

You might not have any symptoms in the early stages. Blood in the urine and other symptoms may appear as the cancer grows.

We know a cancer diagnosis is overwhelming. We’re here to provide you with the best care available.

Treatment depends on the stage of the kidney cancer and your overall health. It may include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation, and other treatments.

Types

In adults, there are 2 main types of kidney cancer:

  • Renal cell carcinoma, the most common. It develops from the cells in the solid, outer portion of the kidney.
  • Transitional cell carcinoma, which are cells in the lining of the hollow part of the kidney (called collecting system).

Treatment is different for each type of kidney cancer. Because transitional cells are also found in the lining of the ureter and bladder, the treatment is similar to cancer of the bladder.

Risk Factors

The cause of kidney cancer isn’t always clear. Certain factors may increase your risk, such as:

  • Age. The risk increases as you age.
  • Smoking, although the risk decreases if you stop.
  • Obesity.
  • High blood pressure.
  • Exposure to certain chemicals, such as asbestos and cadmium.
  • Treatment for kidney failure with long-term dialysis.
  • Rare genetic (inherited) conditions.

Having risk factors doesn’t mean you’ll develop kidney cancer. Some people who develop this cancer don’t have any known risk factors.

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Symptoms

You may not have any symptoms with early kidney cancer. When symptoms develop, you may have:

  • Blood in your urine. Urination is not painful. With a bladder or kidney infection, you typically have blood in the urine and painful urination.
  • A lump in the abdomen.
  • A persistent pain in your side.
  • Unexplained weight loss.

Diagnosis

Kidney cancer is diagnosed with medical imaging tests, such as CT, ultrasound, and MRI.

Because early kidney cancer usually doesn’t have any symptoms, it’s often diagnosed when you’re having an imaging test for another condition. These test results may:

  • Show an abnormality in the kidneys, such as a small, solid growth (mass or tumor).
  • Give us enough information to develop a treatment plan.

We don’t often need a tissue sample (biopsy) before starting treatment. We may recommend a biopsy if we suspect another type of cancer, or if it has spread beyond the kidneys.

Staging

Staging is a process that helps us determine the spread and the severity of the cancer.

  • Stage I. The tumor is 7 centimeters or smaller and is located only in the kidney.
  • Stage II. The tumor is larger than 7 centimeters but still located only in the kidney.
  • Stage III. The tumor is any size, only in the kidney, but cancer cells have spread to nearby lymph nodes. Or the tumor has grown into major veins or tissue outside the kidney.
  • Stage IV. The tumor has spread beyond the covering around the kidney (Gerota’s fascia), into the adrenal gland, or other organs.
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Treatment

Treatment depends on the type and severity of the kidney cancer. Most kidney cancers found early can be treated successfully with surgical removal.

Your treatment plan is based on: * Your other medical conditions.

  • The location and size of the tumor.
  • How well the unaffected kidney functions.
  • The stage of the cancer.
  • Your choices about treatment.

Kidney cancer may spread beyond the kidney to other organs (metastasize).

Treatment options may include:

  • Surgery
  • Cold or heat to destroy the tumor
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Targeted therapy

After we analyze all of your diagnostic procedures and tests, we’ll work with you to create the best treatment plan.

Additional References:

Follow-up Care

After surgery, we’ll develop a plan for follow-up care that’s based on your health and other factors. For example, you may need to have some chemotherapy.

It’s important to take good care of yourself during and after treatment for kidney cancer.

  • Eat a nutritious diet.
  • Stay physically active, as much as possible.
  • Attend all of your follow-up appointments.
  • Join a support group. You can talk with people who have similar experiences.

We’ll talk together about your specific treatment plan and when to contact us.

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